Járvány utáni lakóformák sűrű városi területeken: Budapest történelmi épületeinek udvarai, mint a lakók jólétét szolgáló félig privát terek lehetséges fenntartható adaptációja.
Social distancing and lockdown measures induced by Covid-19 pandemic have caused a major change in the nature and whereabouts of many human activities. Our daily routine shifted from close physical interactions to distance non-physical ones and from occurring in public and semi-public spaces to private and semi-private spaces. This change has affected the well-being of urban dwellers living in high density urban areas. The technological adaptation to remote communication during the pandemic provides a possibility for a more sustainable existence of virtual enterprises that require no physical space and has less impact on the environment. The Covid-19 experience has made it self-evident that we need to re-think how we plan and design residential forms in dense urban areas and how existing ones can adapt to achieve urban resilience. This paper investigates how residential forms in dense urban areas can be more sustainable, resilient, and less dependent on the public realm, providing more spatial opportunities and exposure to natural environment, through utilizing the potentials of the courtyard form. It also studies adaptation of existing residential forms in dense urban areas, focusing on the potential of the courtyard space in typical Budapest historical residential buildings to provide good quality semi-private outdoor space for the well-being of residents. The courtyard space emerged as an urban planning and design response to residential and urban density needs in Budapest in the late 19th and early 20th century. These buildings can be described as medium height; multi-flats attached buildings with central voids that substitutes internal spaces exposure to natural light and ventilation denied by the attached facades. These voids hidden behind the facades can behave as an extension to the public realm in times that require the dense urban areas to be resilient and provide more space for inhabitants. This research is based upon literature review and author personal experience.
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Építészmérnöki nappali alapképzés (BSc)
Dr. Szabó Árpád
Egyetemi docens, Urbanisztika Tanszék