A Fenntartható Városok Jövője : Budapesti kortárs tömeges lakásépítési projektek összehasonlító vizsgálata
In the 20th century mass housing has become an inevitable part in the development of cities brought by the urbanization. The built environment is created by the union of multiple aspects, from the micro scale to the macro scale. Mass housing developments which came as a solution to shelter an ever growing population, providing adequate and affordable housing need to go beyond that and now intends to create sustainable neighborhoods. But today, without original social aspects what does mass housing development mean? Why investors are interested in the realization of new large scale residential areas? And how contemporary urban sustainability aspects are integrated in their planning and design process?
The urban development vision for a sustainable city with enhancing performance, reducing costs and resource consumption depending on the needs of the community, the environment, social and economic values. A livable and likeable residential building complex must be settled in its environment with the continuous dialogue between green-blue infrastructure and architecture
The research focuses on the Danube riverside in Budapest and their contemporary mass housing developments from urban design aspects. The paper presents a critical analysis of three contemporary Danube-led mass housing projects in construction: the WaterFront City in Óbuda, the Duna Terasz in Angyalföld, and the Budai Walzer in Újbuda., The three case studies are compared using international literature on sustainable neighborhoods, and the comparison is based on field work (mapping, photo making) and documents analysis. The goal is to evaluate the complex sustainability of these large scale housing urban projects composed by sustainable buildings regarding their special position within the city, being next to the river.
• Urban sustainability: how can cities become sustainable? (2021) https://www.eea.europa.eu/themes/sustainability-transitions/urban-environment
• Kocsis, J. B. (2015). Patterns of Urban Development in Budapest after 1989. Hungarian Studies, 29, 3-21.
• Tolnai, G. (2018). Budapest’s fragmented riverfront renewal: Western trends interspersed with post-socialist characteristics.
Tervező-építészmérnök MSc (angol nyelven)
Dr. Benkő Melinda
habilitált egyetemi docens, Urbanisztika Tanszék