Skyscrapers as a vertical methodology in the urban adaptability.
1904 Imre Steindl built the gothic revival, baroque, renaissance and the largest building in Budapest which is the governmental Parliament. The following year 1905 Miklos Ybl built the neoclassical St. Stephen's Basilica, which is the most important religious house of god in the country. the story of these two buildings has more meaning than the great architectural form, they are equally high with 96 meters (314 ft.), and they are the highest two buildings in the Hungarian capital. The equality in the high-rise of these massive blocks came to ensure people that, both government and religion are equal in this country, and nothing is more important. These establishments carried this message for over a century. Until 2021 they will keep dominating the urban environment with their height, their unique architectural form, and their functional value, making sure they are the sole dominance in Budapest silhouette. in 2017 against the ban of having taller buildings than the ones I mentioned earlier, the Hungarian government broke that rule, giving permission to the newest tallest tower ever in the country, and the most innovative skyscraper in central Europe, which is the new headquarter for the MOL group (one of the most important companies in Hungary on the international level for gas and oil). This change was occurring next to Dombóvári út, on the Buda side bank of the Danube, and supposedly will finish in 2021, deleting the most charming city promise of the equality between religion and politics. This building will be slightly far away from the city center. However, this authoritative project will be visible to people from different locations, bossing all the building on the Danube River, and printing a new style regarding its architectural form. The effect of this building might seem normal if you look at it as unite, but on the urban environment in this city generally, and the surrounding area specifically, it will have a huge impact. Since this change will affect the shape of the city to more modernity. This paper will argue how this change will affect the urban fabric, and how will it respond to the urban needs we are having at the moment. Whether it will be an asset or it will be a wrong detour in the way of a better shape city. Looking into the case as if this shift in the urban forms, the urban fabric, and the whole city environment, will adapt to what the city and people's economic, cultural and social needs. Covering some theoretical approaches regarding the changing in the urban forms, the urban fabric and the whole concept of how the city adapt to the demands we need. Moreover, the research will imply the most efficient way to create an adaptable skyscraper, to make sure that we get the most benefit from such a massive project. Taking some interesting cases in several countries, where such an experience happened or was banned, to learn from their experiences on how to manage to benefit totally from this massive shift in this decision. Sweden -Malmo tower-, Copenhagen, Abu Dhabi, and Krakow have different scenarios, opinions, and reasons for skyscrapers. Looking to their architecture, cultural background, history and their evolution in accepting or rejecting the concept of the high-rise buildings in their country, as a way to see the influence of iconic architecture in shaping the city into modernity. The paper will also focus primarily on Budapest and the new MOL group tower and the effect of its presence on the urban environment in general and on how this path will adapt to the need of the city of Budapest.
Tervező-építészmérnök MSc (angol nyelven)
Dr. Szabó Árpád
Egyetemi docens, Urbanisztika Tanszék